Wave motion, incentives and connections of the process
|v The interconnectedness of processes|
|v Extreme boundaries: chains of processes without beginning or end?|
|v On the border of inner context and environment, of past and future|
|v How can a process do what it has to do? A survey|
|v Functions: where subprocesses begin|
|v The operation of functions between process and subprocess|
|v Subprocesses and spacetime|
|v Search: concepts relative to STRUCTURE|
The interconnectedness of processes
As a human being I received, via my mother and via my father, the human properties with
which I have to exert my function as part of humanity in this space and time.
A human being is, just like an animal, a plant or a teacup, a process. A river and a
mountain, a herring and a shoal, a friend and a group of friends, a manager and a company,
a house as well as a suburb is a process.
A process is an entirety of subprocesses and thus a human being with constituents is
also a subprocess within a larger whole. Even from several larger wholes. A human is at
the same time a subprocess of humankind as of a group of friends, of the people in a
company, of the residents in a suburb and of many other processes. The larger wholes of
which a human being is part of stipulate their own goals and conditions.
|Processes always forward a goal or condition to their subordinate
processes via their functions. To the goal belong both a pattern to be used and a separate
set of functions, which together form the characteristic procedure for the development of
A system is a complex whole of things; it makes use of a process with a beginning, an end and subprocesses to perform the assignment given by a larger mother or basis system. The notion system is typically used in physics, emphasizing the material aspect of the world, the thing itself with its constituents. The notion process emphasizes the immaterial side, the activity with the functions and their mutual relations. In practice the distinction can not always be made and the notions can be used interchangeably. I use as my starting point that everything is process, that every thing is becoming, and I prefer to continue thinking from the activity standpoint. I will use the notion system by way of exception.
If the entire world consists of processes which
always give their subordinate processes a goal than we must conclude that we find
ourselves in a determined situation. [ note ]
The consequences this has for the content of notions like, for example, dependence,
adaptation, education, learning, freedom, usefulness, using, judging, rights and rules are
far-reaching. A discussion of them can be interesting. I'll come back to that later.
Extreme boundaries: chains of processes without beginning or end?
Pausing for a moment at the relation between processes, we see chains coming into being with at both extremes of the whole a strange situation. After all, the series as it follows from the definition that a process is a whole with subprocesses can not have a beginning nor an end. That goes on forever. That is, however, not at all in keeping with the notion of a cosmos, or of a universe which, as the name indicates, encompasses everything. Neither is infinity in keeping with the notion of elementary particles. For these would, as they are elementary, no longer initiate subprocesses. The universe could not be a regular process or a system, neither could an elementary particle. [ note ]
An infinite series of processes? I think that we, in the first place, must realise that it is difficult to ascertain whether the limit of human cognitive abilities coincides with reality. We can only establish that human cognitive abilities constrict our everyday reality. An example: most animals have senses which resemble ours. Nevertheless there are species which can see or hear more or indeed less than we. Like the deep-sea animals and plants, where there is no light, where pressure is immense and where temperatures can rise to extremes at some places, are adapted to the circumstances which constitute their reality. That a certain species of animal can not perceive certain colours does not mean that those colours do not exist. The species simply does not need them. Thus our cognitive abilities limit our world to the spacetime of 3+1 dimensions. The real world can have a different number of dimensions. Perhaps our capacity to understand can expand through the research of the limits of reality, but our cognitive abilities and our imaginative faculty constrict us to modesty. Our abilities will not adapt so fast because the knowledge of these limits does not have a direct effect on our seeing, smelling, feeling, etcetera of our daily environment.
It comes down to this that, at least in this zine, I follow the physicists in their
conclusion that these limits exist. The how and why of these extremes is beyond the scope
of this part of the treatment of the process. I also conslude that another boundary exists
in our everyday life which is so important that we absolutely must get to know it better.
On the border of inner context and environment, of past and future
Have you ever imagined the strange situation in which we as humans find ourselves? On
the one side there is the flux in the processes around us, in the world which is our
hunting-field, which we challenge in order to learn what we need for our development. On
the other hand there is the certainty within our own process with its unique
entanglements, contrasts and counterparts which, at all levels, is busy becoming what only
this process can become. As humans we find ourselves on the boundary between the
macroscopic world around us which extends to the edge of the whole universe and our own
inner world which extends to the limit of the microscopic processes.
|I wonder how real this border is. Probably it is spatially as elusive as the notion
'now' in time which slips through our fingers. It is - I think - not a border between life
and death, otherwise the border would only exist for living creatures. A border of either
conscious or not is also impossible. Because it is a border between the inner spacetime
and the environment's spacetime which concerns all processes, including rock structures,
institutions, tea cups and thinking processes, it has to be a border
of becoming. Also in a psychological sense it is a borderline where the uniquely
personal, by adaptations in response to experiences in the environment, gets 'entangled'
and develops themself. A psychology, based on the described starting points, could be
It seems obvious to me that a person, who wants to live
consciously and who realises the intricate and sometimes confusing situation they are in,
already has information about and a reasonable experience with processes in their
environment at their disposal. That person is engaged not only in developing but also in
getting to know themself better. That person needs knowledge about their relation with
their environment and, beside it, shall want to have insight in their own process and the
coherence of their capacities.
In order to understand how the thing works we need to know especially how the personal
process fits together and how the several parts preferably act together. Therefore I shall
give first a general survey of the main facts about the process with its cyclic wave
motion, its incentives and their subprocesses, and its unique internal connections.
How can a process do what it has to do? A survey
Every process does what it has to do because it has a purpose. Every process is unique.
The Matterhorn is another mountain than Kilimanjaro or Everest. A process is unique in the
sense that it has been given and brought along its own purpose and working pattern from a
mother process out of which it has originated there and then. From this follows that a
process can not be anything but subjective in the realisation of its purpose. A process
always maintains its own integrity although misunderstood learning processes can suggest
the opposite. Thanks to its capacity to assess the effect of subprocesses and the
reactions from the world of experience the process can plan the realisation of its
A process can achieve its goal because the unique combination of means, which it has
been given at the moment of becoming self-supportive, is sufficient. The goal lies
included in its proper qualities. The qualities and the purpose of a process are limited
in space and time. Spatially the process is determined by evolutionary factors: it is made
of rubber or concrete or sand or flesh and blood; it can develop arms or branches or wings
or fins. In time it is determined by environmental factors: the combination of parts
available at the time of beginning as a self-existent process and afterwards.
A process can do what it wants to do because it has the disposal of inherent dynamics,
a memory and an environment. The contrasts between the phases bring about a natural plural
wave motion which supplies the driving force for the advancement of the process. It can use its memory because the process
can refer back to former experiences: a process follows a cyclic course. A process has
only one point of contact with its world of experience. Making contact with the
environment always implies the beginning of a separate process, directed at a more
A process does what it wants to do because it is an organised whole of parts like
phases, patterns of ways of action, functions and subprocesses which are mutually related
in a unique manner and which make shifts of perspective possible. Every process has the
disposal of the same parts as other processes. In practice a rock or a state or an animal,
because of their different nature, use the parts of the process in a different way.
Information will in all cases be transferrred, but not always by means of pronouncing or
typing words. Bees seem to communicate the direction and place of honey by means of their
After these general characteristics of the process we are now ready for a survey of the
functions and some important subprocesses.
Functions: where subprocesses begin
Every process uses its functions to start subprocesses. Functions are the driving forces in a process. Every process has originated because a preceding process has used a function and so has set a subprocess going. That is the way in which evolution works, thus an idea or a theory comes into being, that's how the earth orbits around the sun, in this manner children get born.
The field of operation of functions is generally defined, as potential abilities without differences in nuance. Every process uses the same functions. In order to be a unique process nevertheless, and be able to reach their own goal, functions must be developed in a characteristic manner. A function has brought with it, although it is and remains specialised in its area of operation, a private character for that process or system in the following way:
A function is - in the course of the process - being activated and the function initiates a subprocess. In this way a person comes to a pattern of acting, remembering, thinking, feeling, deciding, et cetera, that is structured in a characteristic manner.
In order to get to know more about nature and types of functions and subprocesses we go back a moment to the process. The treatment of the inner incentives (in the own spacetime) and the experiences from the environment (from the environment's spacetime) within the process takes place in the phases. In every day language this means that a human internally zigzags between facets from the environment and from within himself. For example, from seeking an opportunity to execute a little plan, one occupies oneself internally successively with
The arrangement of the phases in four groups is a multiple combination of two times two
groups which are being used in three ways. The arrangement is based on the premises of the
process as they have been formulated in part 2 of the structure-line, ZZZine #6, and in subsequent parts are being worked out in
descriptions of the process.
The operation of functions between process and subprocess
The combination, that is the place and the mutual relation, of the functions within a process determine the properties, the characteristically personal of a process and its subprocesses.
The function of beginning always coincides with the starting point of a process. The
function of beginning has been active at the very first moment in which the process came
into existence, like for example the birth of a child. The incentive to begin is active
again every time the process makes contact with the environment, like when beginning a new
day or at the beginning of something new.
|The functions are scattered over the process. Every function has a specific place in the basic process of a human or a thing. The functions are in different ways related to the parts of the basic process: its phases and its other functions. This means that, as soon as e.g. function A is being activated, the subprocess will run according to the pattern typical of that function, that all other functions find themselves in different phases in respect to function A where they carry out different work but still in their own manner. Function B has in the development of function A and in all of A's subprocesses another place than in the development and the subprocesses of function C. This is true of all remaining functions.||
A survey of the 5 examples.
|The result of the subprocess of e.g. function A always comes back at the
end to the function itself and thus to the phase in the basic process where function A is
to be found. Suppose that a person wants to say something. The analyse function will be
activated and starts a subprocess. When the person has finished talking the process
returns to the instructing function, and with that to the phase in the basic process which
engaged the analyse function. That basic process can continue forwards to its next phase.
Subprocesses and spacetime
A function or property develops in course of time. 'Develops' means that it is itself a
process of becoming. It is a subprocess of the basic process within which it performs its
duties. A process always runs its cyclic course; it can develop because it learns from its
experiences from the past. This is possible thanks to a number of things including its
memory, the capacities to refer back and to be consistent.
Sometimes a subprocess becomes a self-existent process.
That is the case when the subprocess, as we usually say, starts to lead its own life, when
it manifests itself as a self-existent unity. In fact it introduces itself to another
process in order to become a part of it. The best known example is a baby which, at the
moment of birth, presents itself as a self-existent being to humankind. A system of
coordinates with unique properties which the process has at its disposal belongs with the
initial state at that place and time. In spite of it being self-existent it continues, as
a subprocess, to form part of the development of its mother and its father. The
distinction is, in fact, relative. It depends on the standpoint from which we look at it.
|With this the general survey of the parts of the process is completed. It seems to me
most transparent to start next time with the structure of the human process, specifically
with the mutual connections between the parts which impart it with a private character,
its functions and subprocesses. From the ideas which that will yield it shall probably be
possible to draw parallels with the connection of the process with its environment. This
is a complicated matter and I shall try to discover the order which is there.