In 1940 the Dutch submarine Hr.Ms. O13 was already an elderly sub, build in 1928 / 1929. At the start of the war in Holland she was attacked several times by German planes off the Dutch coast. The commander "Lt.Cdr. E.H. Vorster" decided not to surrender the Germans and sailed to England where the sub was placed under British operational control. After some missions south of England she was attached to the international 9th submarine Flotilla in Dundee Scotland.
On 12 June the O13 departed for its first patrol near the entrance of the Skagerrak between Norway and Denmark. When on 19 June the sub was called back to Dundee she didn´t notify the message. At 2 July a formel announcement of the Royal Dutch Navy in London confirmed the loss of Hr.Ms. O13, she was declared overdue as she failed to return to base. It is not known what happened, most likely she stroke a German mine and sunk with all (34) hands.
This site has been developed in memory off my uncle who lost his life at the age of 18. He was a sailer on board of the Dutch submarine Hr.Ms. O13 when she was lost.
So please start your "site tour" at my Home page (see upper left corner).